The spread of coronavirus on the planet is fast. Information about new infected arrive on a daily basis. What is 2019-nCoV? The end of the world or the epidemic will stop at the MERS level...Are there any ways to treat it? In the 30 days of January and 3 days of February, something has already been clarified. Let's figure it out.
- Current data for January 30, 2020
- Current data for February 3, 2020
- Distribution dynamics
- Situation in China
- Coronovirus outside of China
- Measures to stop the spread of coronavirus
- How does the 2019-nCoV Virus manifest itself?
- How to avoid infection?
- Is there a possible treatment? Rebetol(Ribavirin)
- World health organization and Coronavirus?
The last days of December were not only the last days of the outgoing year 2019, but also the time when a new infection – coronavirus or 2019-nCoV(international designation) will be entered in the history of medicine. The disease manifests itself as SARS, which then flows into a severe form of pneumonia.
2019-nCoV-refers to coronaviruses - a group close to viruses genetically. They infect animals and people. At the time of infection, the infected person does not experience any symptoms. During the incubation period, cold symptoms may subside. In the most difficult patients, pneumonia manifests itself and quickly develops, which can lead to a fatal outcome.
The number of infected people is constantly increasing, and information is constantly updated
Current data for January 30, 2020
The number of infected on January 30 was 8235, including 171 people with a fatal outcome. Most of them are in China. It turned out to cure 143.
Current data for February 3, 2020
The number of infected on February 3 is 17392, including 362 people with a fatal outcome.
Here is an interactive map of the distribution of the 2019-nCoV coronavirus across the planet
As you can see from the above slides, made with a difference of 4 days, the virus spreads very quickly. For 4 days of officially registered cases of infection 9157 people. 191 people died from the virus during these 4 days. The dynamics are staggering.
But there is also a positive point. For all time, 487 were cured. And for the period under review since January 30, 344 people. This suggests that Chinese medicine is beginning to win.
Situation in China
It should also be noted how China has taken up this problem with a single impulse.
The virus started spreading from the Chinese city of Wuhan. At the moment, all exits from the city are blocked. China has been quarantined. Extended new year holidays. Closed schools, universities and places of a mass congestion of people.
In the city of eleven million, the construction of a hospital for thousands of people has been completed. The best doctors in China have been sent to this hospital. Currently, they have already entered into a confrontation with the coronavirus. In parallel, the construction of a modular hospital for several thousand patients is underway. It will make a quarantine zone for those infected.
Coronovirus outside of China
On the third of February, infection occurs not only in China. These are mainly Asian countries adjacent to China.
- Japan - 20
- Thailand - 19
- Singapore - 18
- Hong Kong - 15
- South Korea - 15
- Australia - 12
- US - 11
- Germany - 10
- Taiwan - 10
- Macau - 8
- Malaysia - 8
- France - 6
- Vietnam - 6
- United Arab Emirates - 5
- Canada - 4
- Italy - 2
- Russia - 2
- Philippines - 2
The total number of cases of infection outside China is 183.
Measures to stop the spread of coronavirus
Those countries that share borders with China have suspended all communication. Including air, land, and ships.
Most air operators have offered to return the money to its customers because of the inability of the flight. This operation can be carried out until February 7.
In almost all airports, you can see on the departure and arrival Board that flights to and from China have been canceled.
Many airports in Asia also have temperature scanners that measure a person's body temperature automatically. Monitors are serviced by medical staff. If a patient with an elevated temperature is detected, they are taken away for further testing of the causes.
In other places of mass congestion where it is impossible to install such equipment, volunteers from medical organizations are on duty, who measure the temperature manually.
How does the 2019-nCoV Virus manifest itself?
The measures are not completely exclusive. The reason is that the incubation period is very long (up to 14 days). The average number of 7-10 days.
The incubation period is the length of time from the moment of infection to the manifestation of symptoms of the disease.
How can the incubation period affect the spread of the disease? Suppose a healthy person was in China on January 25 and had contact with an infected person in the subway (for example). While the infected person did not know at that time that he is not only a carrier, but also a distributor, for example, on the 4th day of the incubation period. This is the moment when the disease has not yet manifested itself.
Imagine how many such unconscious virus transmissions can occur in a single day in multi-million cities like Wuhan with a population of 11 million.
This person we are considering after many contacts in China. Flies, for example, to Thailand. There is spreading this virus further.
A distinctive feature of the 2019-nCoV coronavirus, according to Chinese doctors, is that it can be transmitted from person to person already in the incubation period, before the disease enters the active phase.
In addition, the manifestations of the disease themselves are not distinctive from a simple viral infection in mild cases. In the severe phase, the symptoms are similar to those of SARS:
- dry, unproductive cough
- fever and fever (38°C or higher, chills)
- difficulty breathing
- pain in the chest
- headache and muscle pain
- general malaise
- loss of consciousness
A distinctive feature of this virus is its ability to quickly damage lung tissue. As a rule, it produces in the bodies of elderly people and patients with concomitant diseases.
According to data obtained from Chinese health authorities, the average age of patients in Wuhan province, where the infection started spreading, was about 41 years. The most severe forms developed in elderly patients (60 or more years), among the patients there were frequent concomitant diseases: diabetes mellitus (20%), arterial hypertension (15%) and other cardiovascular diseases (15%).
How to avoid infection?
Employees of pharmacies not only in China note the increased demand for viral masks. Doctors also believe that this method of protection is not effective. In addition, it is already known that this virus is transmitted through the conjunctiva of the eye. Therefore, you can often see similar photos in articles about coronavirus.
Since 2019-nCoV is a new, previously unknown virus, naturally there is no vaccine for it yet. Although Chinese doctors have already managed to grow this virus in a test tube and restore it in artificial conditions. However, it is too early to talk about the appearance of vaccination. After all, you need to do positive tests on animals, then test the drug on people. And this requires time-at least a year.
And what is the relevance of such a vaccination in a year? Most likely 0.1%. After all, it is needed now. In General, there is no vaccine at the moment.
The leading agencies of the countries agree that measures to prevent coronavirus coincide with measures to prevent SARS or influenza. Which are also transmitted by airborne droplets. These include:
- frequent hand washing with soap, including between fingers and nails-about 30 seconds
(in this case, soap with an antibacterial effect will not be the best choice, if there is no access to water, then you can do it with an alcohol solution or a disinfectant gel)
- do not touch mucous membranes (mouth, nose, eyes, etc.) with dirty hands
- do not appear in crowded places and in places where patients may appear (hospitals, hospitals, dispensaries)
- wipe surfaces that you often come into contact with with disinfectant solutions, and do wet cleaning more often in the rooms where you are staying
- if there are signs of infection, contact specialists for help
- minimize possible contact with animals (all coronaviruses are believed to have been transmitted from animals to humans)
The official version of the 2019 appearance is nCoV. The first symptoms of infection began to be experienced by people who bought bats for food at a market in Wuhan.
Is there a possible treatment? Rebetol(Ribavirin)
In each country, health organizations have developed their own rules and recommendations for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of coronavirus. You can find the content on the official websites of these organizations in your country.
Basically, these recommendations are developed for doctors, but the average person can get acquainted with them. Of course, these recommendations are created with little relevance, due to the fact that new methods are opened every day, but after reading them, you can understand the main direction of treatment.
The recommendations, in particular, describe signs of suspected infection, probable and confirmed cases, algorithms for examining patients, characteristic symptoms, features of routing and transporting patients, disinfection of premises, etc.
For example, Russian Rospotrebnadzor recommends for the treatment of adults, the drug Ribavirin, which has severe side effects, and its combination with lopinavir/ritonavir, as well as recombinant interferon beta-1b. the course of treatment is designed for two weeks. There are also some recommendations for the treatment of children.
In addition to medical treatment, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ecmo) is used. It was this method that on January 23, doctors at the University of Wuhan were able to save and treat a fifty-three-year-old man who was in a serious condition.
World health organization and Coronavirus?
The second meeting of the emergency Committee of the world health organization(WHO) was held on 30 January 2020 in connection with the outbreak of the disease caused by the new coronavirus 2019 (nCoV). The members concluded that the outbreak was not only domestic in nature, but also a threat to the entire world. Therefore, it was decided to introduce an Emergency Situation around the world. In this regard, all countries should take measures to contain the spread of this infection in their countries.